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SEBZELERDE ERKEK KISIRLIĞI MEKANİZMASINDAN YARARLANILARAK F1 HİBRİT TOHUM ÜRETİMİ

Diğer Başlık: F1 HYBRID SEED PRODUCTION IN VEGETABLE BREEDING USING MALE-STERILITY

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 1999

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: Türkçe

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Yazar(lar):

Emeği Geçen(ler): KARAAĞAÇ, ONUR (Derleyen),


Yayınlayan: Karadeniz tarımsal araştırma enstitüsü Yayın Adı: Anadolu Tarım Bilim. Derg. Yayın Tarihi: 1999 Sayı: 24 Cilt: 2 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 114-123


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Anahtar Kelimeler Çeşit, Erkek kısırlığı, Hibrit tohum, Sebze
Variety, Male sterility, Hybrid seed, Vegetable
Özet Sebze çeşit ıslahında; son yıllarda adaptasyon, verim, kalite, hastalık ve zararlılara dayanıklılık yönünden istenen özelliklere sahip çeşitlerin geliştirilmesi ve tohum üretimine yönelik olarak önemli başarılar elde edilmiştir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda polinasyon kontrol yöntemleri de kullanılmaya başlanmıştır. F1 hibrit tohumluğunun daha kolay ve ekonomik olarak üretilebilmesi amacıyla sebze ıslahında, polinasyon kontrol yöntemleri üzerinde çok sayıda araştırmalar yürütülmüştür. Sebze türlerinden soğan, havuç ve lahanagillerde erkek kısırlığından yararlanılarak F1 hibrit tohum üretimi günümüzde yaygın olarak kullanılmaktadır. Solanaceeae familyasına ait sebze türlerinde ise pratik kullanım imkanı bulunsa bile pratikte sorunlarla karşılaşılmaktadır. Bu derlemede sebzelerde erkek kısırlık mekanizmasından yararlanılarak F1 hibrit tohum üretiminin aşamaları ve ıslah programlarında kullanıldığında karşılaşılan sorunlar detaylı olarak verilmiştir.
Important achievements were obtained in vegetable breeding regarding seed production and development of prominent varieties displaying high performance in respect to adaptation, yield and resistance to diseases and pests in recent years. Pollination control methods a lot of scientific researches were conducted to produce F1 hybrid vegetable seeds easily and economically. F1 hybrid seed has been produced extensively by using male sterility in vegetable species like onion, carrot and cabbages in recent days. Male sterility technique may also be used in the vegetables belonging to the Solanaceae family, there are some practical problems. The F1 hybrid seed production stages using male sterility and the arising problems in breeding programs have been reviewed in detail in this article.
İçindekiler
Açıklamalar Bu derlemede sebzelerde erkek kısırlığı mekanizmasından yararlanılarak F1 hibrittohum üretiminin asamaları ve ıslah programlarında kullanıldığında karsılasılan sorunlar detaylı olarak verilmistir.
The F1 hybrid seed production stages using male sterility and the arising problems in breeding programs have been reviewed in detail in this article.
Haklar 'Telif hakkı sorunu yoktur'
Notlar
CAB Abstract

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