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Evaluation and Selection of Suitable Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum var. conoides Mill.) Types in Turkey

Diğer Başlık: Kırmızı biber (kapya) genotiplerinin seleksiyonu ve değerlendirilmesi

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 1999

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Yazar(lar): KARAAĞAÇ, ONUR (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler):

URL: http://scialert.net/qredirect.php?doi=ajps.2009.483.488&linkid=pdf

Diğer Niteleme Bilgileri:
Evaluation and Selection of Suitable Red Pepper (Capsicum annuum var. conoides Mill.) Types in Turkey http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/116/469.pdf


Yayınlayan: Karadeniz tarımsal araştırma enstitüsü Yayın Adı: Asian Journal of Plant Sciences Yayın Tarihi: 1999 Sayı: 7 Cilt: 8 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 483-488


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Anahtar Kelimeler Capsicum annuum var. conoides, genetic resources, selection, breeding, Turkey
Özet This study was conducted in order to select valuable genetic resources of red conic pepper (Capsicum annuum var. conoides Mill.) in Bafra plain situated on Black Sea Region of Turkey during 2003 and 2005. Fifty six red pepper populations were collected from different eco-geographical areas in the research region. All native red pepper genotypes were examined with respect to morphological characteristics. Ranking method was used for selecting superior types. The results of ranking method revealed twenty two superior types. Research results also showed that all populations had 11.2-19.2 cm fruit length, 4.8-7.2 cm fruit width, and 4.3-5.8 mm for flesh thickness. Fruit colours of selected types were in red and dark red tones. In the majority of populations harvest time occurred at 105 days. On the other hand, the genotypes exhibited a range of 653.9-1415.5 g for the total fruit weight/plants, 7.2-13.5 for the fruit number/plant, 53.0-155.0 mg/100 g for ascorbic acid, 5.2-8.0% for total soluble solids, and 8.0-11.9% for total dry weight. At the end of this research, 12 types were selected as being promising for further breeding efforts.
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Notlar Abak, K., 1994. Pepper production in Turkey, breeding programs and their objectives. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 13: 31-35. http://chilepepperinstitute. org/documents/no13.pdf.Ahmed, N., M.I. Tanki, and G.A. Shah, 1993. Inheritance of earliness in red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 53-54. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdf.Ahmed, N., M.I. Tanki, M. Mir, and G.A. Shah, 1996. Effects of different fruit maturity stages and storages conditions of chemical composition and market acceptability of fruit in different varieties of sweet pepper. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 16: 47–60. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/ /capnews16.pdf.Akıncı, S., and İ.E. Akıncı, 2004. Evaluation of red pepper for spice (Capsicum annuum L.) germplasm resource of Kahramanmaraş region (Turkey). Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 7 (5): 703–710. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs. 2004.703.710.Alan, M.N., 1984. Collection and evaluation of pepper germplasm in Turkey. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 3: 17–18. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap-egg-3.pdfAnonymous, 1995. Descriptors for Capsicum (Capsicum spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI).Rome, Italy.pp.110. ISBN 92-9043-216-0Anonymous, 2006. Ministry of Agriculture Records of Samsun Province, Turkey.Anonymous, 2007. Statistical data of Turkey (available on-line at: http://apps.fao.org/faostat). Balkaya, A., and R. Yanmaz, 1999. The promising green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars candidate determined by pedigree selection method in the Black Sea region. (in Turkish). III. Turkish Horticultural Congress, 14-17 September, Ankara, Turkey, 504-508. ISBN 975-482-484-3.Balkaya, A., and O. Karaagac, 2005. Vegetable genetic resources of Turkey. Journal of Vegetable Science, 11(4): 81-102. DOI: 10.1300/J484v11n04_08.Balkaya, A., and R. Yanmaz, 2005. Promising kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.) populations from Black Sea region in Turkey. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 33(1): 1-7. DOI: 0014-0671/05/3301-0001.Bosland, P.W., 1993. Breeding for quality in Capsicum. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 25–31. ttp://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdfBosland, P.W., 1996. Capsicums: Innovative uses of an ancient crop. p. 479–487. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, VA. ISBN 09-615-02738.Casali, V., P. Stringheta, J. Campos, and S. Oliveira, 1986. Selection of paprika breeding lines. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 5: 31. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap-egg-5a.pdf.Chalukova, M., S. Daskalov, E. Lukarska, and D. Baralieva, 1993. Beta-orange mutant in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 57–58.http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdf.Inan, Y., 1988. Breeding of “Çarliston” pepper populations (in Turkish). TAV Research Result Reports. Yalova, Turkey.Kumar, K.A., D. Munshi, S. Joshi, and C. Kaur, 2003. Note on evaluation of chili (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes for biochemical constituents. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 22: 41–42. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/ capegg2003.pdf.Küçük, A., 2001. Collecting Solanaceae in Turkey. Solanaceae Genetic Resources in Europe. European Cooperative Programme for Crop Genetic Resources Networks. Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 39–43. ISBN 92-9043-579-8.Pickersgill, B., 1997. Genetic resources and breeding of Capsicum spp. Euphytica, 96: 129-133. DOI: 10.1023/A:1002913228101.Sheela, K.B., T.E. George, and K.V. Peter, 2004. Morphological and biochemical traits of selected accessions of bird pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 23: 33–36. http://chilepepperinstitute.org//capegg23.pdf.Surmeli, N., and Ş. Gungor, 1988. Breeding of “Çorbacı’ pepper”. (in Turkish). Journal of Atatürk Central Horticultural Research Institute, ISBN 20(1-2): 1-8. Surmeli, N., and A. Gursoy, 1985. Breeding of “Yaglik’ pepper”. (in Turkish). Journal of Atatürk Central Horticultural Research Institute, ISBN 14(1-2): 31-35.Todorova, V., G. Pevicharova, and Y. Todorov, 1999. Total pigment content in red pepper cultivar for grinding. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 18: 25-27. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap18.pdf.Yanmaz, R., 2002. The vegetable bibliography of Turkey (1923-1999). 391 p. (in Turkish.). ISBN: 9759309823.Zatyko, L., 2006. Selection of paprika in ancient times and today. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 54: 2, 167 -178. DOI: 10.1556/Agr.54.2006.2.6.Zewdie, Y., and J.M. Poulos, 1995. Stability analysis in hot pepper. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 14: 39-42.http://chilepepperinstitute.org/ /capnews14.pdfZewdie, Y., and A.C. Zeven, 1997. Variation in Yugoslavian hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) accessions. Euphytica, 1: 81–89. DOI : 10.1023/A:1003028703431.

KaynakçaAbak, K., 1994. Pepper production in Turkey, breeding programs and their objectives. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 13: 31-35. http://chilepepperinstitute. org/documents/no13.pdf.Ahmed, N., M.I. Tanki, and G.A. Shah, 1993. Inheritance of earliness in red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 53-54. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdf.Ahmed, N., M.I. Tanki, M. Mir, and G.A. Shah, 1996. Effects of different fruit maturity stages and storages conditions of chemical composition and market acceptability of fruit in different varieties of sweet pepper. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 16: 47–60. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/ /capnews16.pdf.Akıncı, S., and İ.E. Akıncı, 2004. Evaluation of red pepper for spice (Capsicum annuum L.) germplasm resource of Kahramanmaraş region (Turkey). Pakistan Journal of Biological Science, 7 (5): 703–710. DOI: 10.3923/pjbs. 2004.703.710.Alan, M.N., 1984. Collection and evaluation of pepper germplasm in Turkey. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 3: 17–18. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap-egg-3.pdfAnonymous, 1995. Descriptors for Capsicum (Capsicum spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI).Rome, Italy.pp.110. ISBN 92-9043-216-0Anonymous, 2006. Ministry of Agriculture Records of Samsun Province, Turkey.Anonymous, 2007. Statistical data of Turkey (available on-line at: http://apps.fao.org/faostat). Balkaya, A., and R. Yanmaz, 1999. The promising green bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars candidate determined by pedigree selection method in the Black Sea region. (in Turkish). III. Turkish Horticultural Congress, 14-17 September, Ankara, Turkey, 504-508. ISBN 975-482-484-3.Balkaya, A., and O. Karaagac, 2005. Vegetable genetic resources of Turkey. Journal of Vegetable Science, 11(4): 81-102. DOI: 10.1300/J484v11n04_08.Balkaya, A., and R. Yanmaz, 2005. Promising kale (Brassica oleracea L. var. acephala DC.) populations from Black Sea region in Turkey. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 33(1): 1-7. DOI: 0014-0671/05/3301-0001.Bosland, P.W., 1993. Breeding for quality in Capsicum. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 25–31. ttp://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdfBosland, P.W., 1996. Capsicums: Innovative uses of an ancient crop. p. 479–487. In: J. Janick (ed.), Progress in new crops. ASHS Press, Arlington, VA. ISBN 09-615-02738.Casali, V., P. Stringheta, J. Campos, and S. Oliveira, 1986. Selection of paprika breeding lines. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 5: 31. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap-egg-5a.pdf.Chalukova, M., S. Daskalov, E. Lukarska, and D. Baralieva, 1993. Beta-orange mutant in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 12: 57–58.http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/capnews12.pdf.Inan, Y., 1988. Breeding of “Çarliston” pepper populations (in Turkish). TAV Research Result Reports. Yalova, Turkey.Kumar, K.A., D. Munshi, S. Joshi, and C. Kaur, 2003. Note on evaluation of chili (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes for biochemical constituents. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 22: 41–42. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/ capegg2003.pdf.Küçük, A., 2001. Collecting Solanaceae in Turkey. Solanaceae Genetic Resources in Europe. European Cooperative Programme for Crop Genetic Resources Networks. Nijmegen, The Netherlands, 39–43. ISBN 92-9043-579-8.Pickersgill, B., 1997. Genetic resources and breeding of Capsicum spp. Euphytica, 96: 129-133. DOI: 10.1023/A:1002913228101.Sheela, K.B., T.E. George, and K.V. Peter, 2004. Morphological and biochemical traits of selected accessions of bird pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.). Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 23: 33–36. http://chilepepperinstitute.org//capegg23.pdf.Surmeli, N., and Ş. Gungor, 1988. Breeding of “Çorbacı’ pepper”. (in Turkish). Journal of Atatürk Central Horticultural Research Institute, ISBN 20(1-2): 1-8. Surmeli, N., and A. Gursoy, 1985. Breeding of “Yaglik’ pepper”. (in Turkish). Journal of Atatürk Central Horticultural Research Institute, ISBN 14(1-2): 31-35.Todorova, V., G. Pevicharova, and Y. Todorov, 1999. Total pigment content in red pepper cultivar for grinding. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 18: 25-27. http://chilepepperinstitute.org/documents/cap18.pdf.Yanmaz, R., 2002. The vegetable bibliography of Turkey (1923-1999). 391 p. (in Turkish.). ISBN: 9759309823.Zatyko, L., 2006. Selection of paprika in ancient times and today. Acta Agronomica Hungarica, 54: 2, 167 -178. DOI: 10.1556/Agr.54.2006.2.6.Zewdie, Y., and J.M. Poulos, 1995. Stability analysis in hot pepper. Capsicum and Eggplant Newsletter, 14: 39-42.http://chilepepperinstitute.org/ /capnews14.pdfZewdie, Y., and A.C. Zeven, 1997. Variation in Yugoslavian hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) accessions. Euphytica, 1: 81–89. DOI : 10.1023/A:1003028703431.


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