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Natural Crossing and Isolation Distance Between Cotton Genotypes in Turkey

Diğer Başlık: Natural Crossing and Isolation Distance Between Cotton Genotypes in Turkey

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 1999

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Uluslararası indekslerde yer alıyor mu?: Evet

Yazar(lar): ÜNAY, Aydın (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler): BOZBEK, Taner (Proje Yöneticisi), ERDOGAN, Oktay (Editör),

URL: http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/31/

Diğer Niteleme Bilgileri:
Natural Crossing and Isolation Distance Between Cotton Genotypes in Turkey http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/31/356.pdf


Yayınlayan: Nazilli Pamuk Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayın Adı: Science Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) Yayın Tarihi: 1999 Sayı: 3 Cilt: 65 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 314-317


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Anahtar Kelimeler
glandless, read-leaf, out-crossing, pollinator insect, seed purity
Özet
The purposes of this study were to determine the percentage of out-crossing, isolationdistance and pollinator insect species for cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) seed production in the Aydinregion in Turkey. The glandless and red-leaf traits in G. hirsutum were used as genetic markers. Twoexperiments were conducted over two years that monitored out-crossing in adjacent rows and adjacentplants and established that the percentage of out-crossing varied. The percentage of out-crossingvaried between 0% and 13.3% depending on the genetic marker. In the experiment to determine isolationdistance, natural crossing percentage was not observed in 2002, while this percentage was 0.8% in thefirst rows in 2003. In this study, cotton fields were also visited once a week during flowering periods forseven weeks in order to determine the numbers of pollinator insect species, where the only detectedspecies was the honey bee. The numbers of pollinator insects were 2.14% (2002) and 1.30% (2003) foradjacent rows; 1.71% (2002) and 2.00% (2003) for adjacent plants in glandless parcels. It is recommendedthat the isolation distance between genotypes should be approximately 1 m.
İçindekiler
Açıklamalar
Haklar Telif hakkı sorunu yoktur
Notlar McGREGOR, S.E. Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants.Agriculture Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office,1976. 411p. (Handbook, 496).MERT, M.; BAYRAKTAR, N. A research on the determination ofcross pollination ratio in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) underAmik plain conditions. In: NATIONAL FIELD CROPSCONGRESS, 1., Izmir, 1994. Proceedings. Ízmir: AegeanUniversity, Agr. Fac. Press, 1993. v.2, p.227-230.MOFFET, J.O.; SHIPMAN, C.W. Producing hybrid cotton seed ona field scale by using honeybees as pollinators. In: BELTWIDECOTTON PRODUCTION RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Dallas,1978. Proceedings. Memphis: National Cotton Council ofAmerica, 1978. p.77-80.MOFFET, J.O.; COBB, H.B.; RUMMEN, D.R. Bees as potentialvalue as pollinators in the production of hybrid cotton seed onthe High Plains of Texas. In: BELTWIDE COTTONPRODUCTION RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Memphis, 1980.Proceedings. Memphis: National Cotton Council of América,1980. p.268-270.NADAGOUDAR, B.S.; JOSHI, V.R.; VE KATARKI, B.H. Isolationdistance in cotton seed production. Cotton Development, v.15,p.7-9, 1985.OGLAKCI, M.; EFE, L.; CIÇEK, B.; CIRA, A.A. Research on thedetermination of natural crossing percentage of cotton(Gossypium hirsutum L.) in K. Maras conditions. In: THEINTER-REGIONAL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH NETWORKON COTTON, Adana, 2000. Adana: Cukurova University Press,2001. p.33-35, 2000.OGLAKCI, M.; S. YOLCU, S.; YUCEL, A. A research on thePercentage of Natural Cross pollination in cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum L.) and pollinators in Harran Region conditions. In:JOINT MEETING OF WORKING GROUPS, COTTONBREEDING, COTTON VARIETY TRIALS, Adana, 1995.Proceedings. Adana: Cukurova University Press, 1996. p.50-52.OZUDOGRU, T.; CAKARYILDIRIM, N. Cotton situation andoutlook: 2005/2006. Ankara: Agricultural Economics ResearchInstitute, 2005. 40p.SEN, I.; CICEK, B. The determination of natural cotton crosspollination, isolation distance and pollinator insect species underKahramanmaras conditions. K.Maras: Agricultural ResearchInstitute Publications, 2003. 13p.THOMAS, B.R.; BRADFORD, K.; SUNDSTROM, C. Pollen transferin cotton seed production. 2001. Available at http://danrrec.ucdavis.edu/shafter/field_day/01-02/15_thomas.pdf.Accessed 12 Oct. 2003.UNAY, A.; KAYNAK, M.A.; GÜREL A.; AKDEMIR H.; SERTERE. The extent of cross pollination for seed production in cotton.In: AGRICULTURAL CONGRESS OF AEGEAN REGION, 1.,Aydin, 1998. Ankara: TC Agr. Bank Press, 1998. p.197-202WALLER, G.D. Evaluating responses of honey bees to sugarsolutions using an artificial flower feeder. Annals of theEntomological Society of America, v.65, p.852-861, 1972.WALLER, G.D.; MOFFET, J.O.; LOPER, G.M.; MARTIN, J.H.Evaluation of honey bees foraging activity and pollinationefficacy for male-sterile cotton. Crop Science, v. 215, p.211-214, 1985.XANTHOPOULOS, F.P.; KECHAGIA, U.E. Natural crossing incotton. In: THE INTER-REGIONAL COOPERATIVERESEARCH NETWORK ON COTTON, Adana, 2000. Adana:Cukurova University Press, 2001. p.27-32.YOLCU, S. The determination of natural cotton pollinationpercentage and pollinator insect species under Harran PlainConditions of Turkey. Harran: University of Harran, 1995.24p. Master Thesis2002 The number of pollinator insect (per 25 flowers)Week1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Total AverageMc Namara 3 1 3 3 0 2 1 13 1.86Nazilli 84 S 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 8 0.882003 The number of pollinator insect (per 25 flowers)Week1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Total AverageMc Namara 3 1 2 3 1 2 1 13 1.86Nazilli 84 S 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 10 1.42Table 3 - The number of pollinator insect for isolation distance in 2002-2003.Received October 31, 2006

KaynakçaMcGREGOR, S.E. Insect pollination of cultivated crop plants.Agriculture Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office,1976. 411p. (Handbook, 496).MERT, M.; BAYRAKTAR, N. A research on the determination ofcross pollination ratio in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) underAmik plain conditions. In: NATIONAL FIELD CROPSCONGRESS, 1., Izmir, 1994. Proceedings. Ízmir: AegeanUniversity, Agr. Fac. Press, 1993. v.2, p.227-230.MOFFET, J.O.; SHIPMAN, C.W. Producing hybrid cotton seed ona field scale by using honeybees as pollinators. In: BELTWIDECOTTON PRODUCTION RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Dallas,1978. Proceedings. Memphis: National Cotton Council ofAmerica, 1978. p.77-80.MOFFET, J.O.; COBB, H.B.; RUMMEN, D.R. Bees as potentialvalue as pollinators in the production of hybrid cotton seed onthe High Plains of Texas. In: BELTWIDE COTTONPRODUCTION RESEARCH CONFERENCE, Memphis, 1980.Proceedings. Memphis: National Cotton Council of América,1980. p.268-270.NADAGOUDAR, B.S.; JOSHI, V.R.; VE KATARKI, B.H. Isolationdistance in cotton seed production. Cotton Development, v.15,p.7-9, 1985.OGLAKCI, M.; EFE, L.; CIÇEK, B.; CIRA, A.A. Research on thedetermination of natural crossing percentage of cotton(Gossypium hirsutum L.) in K. Maras conditions. In: THEINTER-REGIONAL COOPERATIVE RESEARCH NETWORKON COTTON, Adana, 2000. Adana: Cukurova University Press,2001. p.33-35, 2000.OGLAKCI, M.; S. YOLCU, S.; YUCEL, A. A research on thePercentage of Natural Cross pollination in cotton (Gossypiumhirsutum L.) and pollinators in Harran Region conditions. In:JOINT MEETING OF WORKING GROUPS, COTTONBREEDING, COTTON VARIETY TRIALS, Adana, 1995.Proceedings. Adana: Cukurova University Press, 1996. p.50-52.OZUDOGRU, T.; CAKARYILDIRIM, N. Cotton situation andoutlook: 2005/2006. Ankara: Agricultural Economics ResearchInstitute, 2005. 40p.SEN, I.; CICEK, B. The determination of natural cotton crosspollination, isolation distance and pollinator insect species underKahramanmaras conditions. K.Maras: Agricultural ResearchInstitute Publications, 2003. 13p.THOMAS, B.R.; BRADFORD, K.; SUNDSTROM, C. Pollen transferin cotton seed production. 2001. Available at http://danrrec.ucdavis.edu/shafter/field_day/01-02/15_thomas.pdf.Accessed 12 Oct. 2003.UNAY, A.; KAYNAK, M.A.; GÜREL A.; AKDEMIR H.; SERTERE. The extent of cross pollination for seed production in cotton.In: AGRICULTURAL CONGRESS OF AEGEAN REGION, 1.,Aydin, 1998. Ankara: TC Agr. Bank Press, 1998. p.197-202WALLER, G.D. Evaluating responses of honey bees to sugarsolutions using an artificial flower feeder. Annals of theEntomological Society of America, v.65, p.852-861, 1972.WALLER, G.D.; MOFFET, J.O.; LOPER, G.M.; MARTIN, J.H.Evaluation of honey bees foraging activity and pollinationefficacy for male-sterile cotton. Crop Science, v. 215, p.211-214, 1985.XANTHOPOULOS, F.P.; KECHAGIA, U.E. Natural crossing incotton. In: THE INTER-REGIONAL COOPERATIVERESEARCH NETWORK ON COTTON, Adana, 2000. Adana:Cukurova University Press, 2001. p.27-32.YOLCU, S. The determination of natural cotton pollinationpercentage and pollinator insect species under Harran PlainConditions of Turkey. Harran: University of Harran, 1995.24p. Master Thesis2002 The number of pollinator insect (per 25 flowers)Week1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Total AverageMc Namara 3 1 3 3 0 2 1 13 1.86Nazilli 84 S 2 0 2 1 1 1 1 8 0.882003 The number of pollinator insect (per 25 flowers)Week1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Total AverageMc Namara 3 1 2 3 1 2 1 13 1.86Nazilli 84 S 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 10 1.42Table 3 - The number of pollinator insect for isolation distance in 2002-2003.Received October 31, 2006


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