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The Effects of Temperature on in vitro Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth of Pistacia spp.

Diğer Başlık: The Effects of Temperature on in vitro Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth of Pistacia spp.

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Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Uluslararası indekslerde yer alıyor mu?: Evet

Yazar(lar): ACAR, Izzet (Yazar),

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URL: http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/399/

Diğer Niteleme Bilgileri:
The Effects of Temperature on in vitro Pollen Germination and Pollen Tube Growth of Pistacia spp. http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/399/857.pdf


Yayınlayan: Antepfıstığı Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayın Adı: Scientia Horticulturae Yayın Tarihi: Sayı: 4 Cilt: 125 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 569-572


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Anahtar Kelimeler Pistacia species, In vitro, Pollen germination, Pollen tube growth, Temperature
Özet The pollen germination and pollen tube growth among nine Pistacia genotypes was quantified in orderto identify differences in the tolerance of pollen to temperature variations. The effect of temperature onin vitro pollen germination and pollen tube growth was investigated in Pistacia vera (Uygur, Atli, Kaska,Sengel, Kavak), P. atlantica, P. khinjuk, P. terebinthus and P. palaestina. When pollen was incubated in agermination medium for 24 h in darkness, distinct differences were observed in pollen germination andpollen tube growth at different temperatures.Pollen was collected at anther dehiscence and was exposed to temperatures from 5 to 40 ?C at 5?Cintervals. There were some differences between the percentage of pollen germination and pollen tubegrowth at different temperatures. Pistacia species and cultivars were found to range from most tolerantto most susceptible, depending on pollen characters.Pollen germination of the genotypes ranged from 83% to 97% and pollen tube length ranged from 697 to1270m. A modified bilinear model best described the response to temperature of pollen germinationand pollen tube length. Genotype variation was found for cardinal temperatures (Tmin, Topt and Tmax)of pollen germination percentage and pollen tube growth. Mean cardinal temperatures averaged overnine genotypes were 6.7, 23.9 and 41.1 ?C for maximum percentage pollen germination and 6.4, 23.9 and39.8 ?C for maximum pollen tube length.
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Notlar Acar, I., Ak, B.E., 1998. An investigation on pollen germination rates of some selectedmale trees at Ceylanpınar State Farm. Proceedings of the X. GREMPA Seminar.Cah. Options Mediterr. 33, 63–66.Acar, I., 2004. Effects of pistachio (P. vera L.) pollinator types selected in Ceylanpinaron fruit set and fruit quality of some pistachio cultivars. PhD Thesis, Universityof Cukurova, Adana, Turkey.Ak, B.E., 1992. Effects of pollen of different Pistacia species on fruit set and fruitquality of pistachio. PhD Thesis, University of Cukurova, Adana, Turkey.Atli, H.S., Kaska, N., Eti, S., 1995. Selection of male Pistacia spp. types growing inGaziantep. Acta Hort. 419, 319–322.Austin, P.T., Hewett, E.W., Noiton, D., Plummer, J.A., 1998. Self-incompatibility andtemperature affect pollen tube growth in ‘Sundrop’ apricot (Prunus armerica L.).J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 73 (3), 375–386.Ayfer, M., 1964. Pistachio Nut Culture and its Problems with Special Reference toTurkey. Univ. of Ankara, Fac. of Agriculture Yearbook, pp. 189–217.Ayfer, M., 1967. Megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, embryogenesis and theirrelations between fruit abscissions in pistachio. Turkey Min. of Agriculture, Tech.Book D-414.Caglar, S., Kaska, N., 1995. A study on the supplemental pollination of pistachios inthe Mediterranean region. First International Symposium on Pistachio Nut. ActaHort. 419, 55–60.Cerovic, R., Ruzic, D., 1992. Pollen tube growth in sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) atdifferent temperatures. J. Hort. Sci. 67 (3), 333–340.Cohen, E., Lavi, U., Spiegel, R., 1989. Papaya pollen viability and storage. Sci. Hort.40, 317–324.Egea, J., Burgos, L., Zoroa, N., Egea, L., 1992. Influence of temperature on the in vitrogermination of pollen of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). J. Hort. Sci. 67, 247–250.Elgersma, A., Stephenson, A.G., Nijs, A.P.M., 1989. Effects of genotype and temperatureon pollen tube growth in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Sex. PlantReprod. 2, 225–230.Godini, A., de Palma, L., Petruzzella, A., 1987. Interrelationships of almond pollengermination at low temperatures, blooming time and biological behaviour ofcultivars. Adv. Hort. Sci. 1, 73–76.Hedhly, A., Hormaza, J.I., Herrero, M., 2005. Influence of genotype–temperatureinteraction on pollen performance. J. Evol. Biol. 18, 1494–1502.Hormaza, J.I., Herrero, M., 1999. Pollen performance as affected by the pistilar genotypein sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Protoplasma 208, 129–135.Jefferies, C.J., Brain, P., Stott, K.G., Belcher, A.R., 1982. Experimental systems andmathematical model for studying temperature effects on pollen-tube growthand fertilization in plum. Plant Cell Environ. 5, 231–236.Kakani, V.G., Prasad, P.V.V., Craufurd, P.Q., Wheeler, T.R., 2002. Response of in vitropollen germination and pollen tube growth of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)genotypes to temperature. Plant Cell Environ. 25, 1651–1661.Kakani, V.G., Reddy, K.R., Koti, S., Wallace, T.P., Prasad, P.V.V., Reddy, V.R., Zhao, D.,2005. Differences in in vitro pollen germination and pollen tube growth of cottoncultivars in response to high temperature. Ann. Bot. 96, 59–67.Kamiab, F., Vesvaei, A., Panahi, B., 2006. Male performance in pistachio (Pistacia veraL.). IV. International Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds. Acta Hort. 726,133–138.Kuru, C., 1995. Artificial pollination of pistachio trees under unsufficient pollinationconditions. First International Symposium on Pistachio Nut. Acta Hort. 419,121–123.Lee, C.W., Thomas, J.C., Buchmann, S.L., 1985. Factors affecting germination of jojobapollen. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110 (5), 671–676.Mellenthin, W.M.,Wang, C.Y., Wang, S.Y., 1972. Influence of temperature on pollentube growth and initial fruit development in ‘D’Anjou’ pear. HortScience 7,557–559.Pirlak, L., 2002. The effects of temperature on pollen germination and pollentube growth of apricot and sweet cherry. Gartenbauwissenschaft 67 (2),61–64.Rosell, P., Herrero, M., Sauco, V.G., 1999. Pollen germination of cherimoya (Annonacherimmola Mill.). In vivo characterization and optimization of in vitro germination.Sci. Hort. 81, 251–265.SAS Institute, 1997. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 8.2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.SAS Institute, 2004. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 9.1.3. SAS Institute Inc., Cary,NC.Shivanna, K.R., Linskens, H.F., Cresti, M., 1991. Response of tobacco pollen to highhumidity and heat stress: viability and germinability in vitro and in vivo. Sex.Plant Reprod. 4, 104–109.Shuraki, Y.D., Sedgley, M., 1994. Effect of pistil age and pollen parent on pollen tubegrowth and fruit production of pistachio. J. Hort. Sci. 69 (6), 1019–1027.Snow, A.A., Spira, T., 1991. Pollen vigor and the potential for sexual selection inplants. Nature 352, 796–797.Song, J., Nada, K., Tachibana, S., 1999. Ameliorative effect of polyamines on the hightemperature inhibition of in vitro pollen germination in tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.). Sci. Hort. 80, 203–212.Sukhvibul, N., Whiley, A.W., Vithanage, V., Smith, M.K., Doogan, V.J., Hetherington,S.E., 2000. Effect of temperature on pollen germination and pollen tube growthof four cultivars of mango (Mangifera indica L.). J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 75 (2),64–68.Therios, I.N., Tsirakoglou, V.M., Dimossi-Theriou, K.N., 1985. Physiological aspectsof pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollen germination. Riv. Ortoflorofrutt Ital. 69,161–170.Vasilakakis, M., Porlingis, I.C., 1985. Effect of temperature on pollen germination,pollen tube growth, effective pollination period, and fruit set of pear. Hort. Sci.20 (4), 733–735.Vachun, Z., 1981. Etude de quelques properties morphologiques et physiologiquesdu pollen d’abricotier. Germination et croissance des tubes polliniques a bassestemperatures. Acta Hort. 85, 387–417.Wolukau, J.N., Zhang, S.L., Xu, G.H., Chen, D., 2004. The effect of temperature,polyamines and polyamine synthesis inhibitor on in vitro pollen germinationand pollen tube growth of Prunus mume. Sci. Hort. 99, 289–299.Zohary, M., 1952. A monographical study of the genus Pistacia. Palestine J. Bot. 5,187–228 (Jerusalem Ser.).

KaynakçaAcar, I., Ak, B.E., 1998. An investigation on pollen germination rates of some selectedmale trees at Ceylanpınar State Farm. Proceedings of the X. GREMPA Seminar.Cah. Options Mediterr. 33, 63–66.Acar, I., 2004. Effects of pistachio (P. vera L.) pollinator types selected in Ceylanpinaron fruit set and fruit quality of some pistachio cultivars. PhD Thesis, Universityof Cukurova, Adana, Turkey.Ak, B.E., 1992. Effects of pollen of different Pistacia species on fruit set and fruitquality of pistachio. PhD Thesis, University of Cukurova, Adana, Turkey.Atli, H.S., Kaska, N., Eti, S., 1995. Selection of male Pistacia spp. types growing inGaziantep. Acta Hort. 419, 319–322.Austin, P.T., Hewett, E.W., Noiton, D., Plummer, J.A., 1998. Self-incompatibility andtemperature affect pollen tube growth in ‘Sundrop’ apricot (Prunus armerica L.).J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 73 (3), 375–386.Ayfer, M., 1964. Pistachio Nut Culture and its Problems with Special Reference toTurkey. Univ. of Ankara, Fac. of Agriculture Yearbook, pp. 189–217.Ayfer, M., 1967. Megasporogenesis, megagametogenesis, embryogenesis and theirrelations between fruit abscissions in pistachio. Turkey Min. of Agriculture, Tech.Book D-414.Caglar, S., Kaska, N., 1995. A study on the supplemental pollination of pistachios inthe Mediterranean region. First International Symposium on Pistachio Nut. ActaHort. 419, 55–60.Cerovic, R., Ruzic, D., 1992. Pollen tube growth in sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) atdifferent temperatures. J. Hort. Sci. 67 (3), 333–340.Cohen, E., Lavi, U., Spiegel, R., 1989. Papaya pollen viability and storage. Sci. Hort.40, 317–324.Egea, J., Burgos, L., Zoroa, N., Egea, L., 1992. Influence of temperature on the in vitrogermination of pollen of apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.). J. Hort. Sci. 67, 247–250.Elgersma, A., Stephenson, A.G., Nijs, A.P.M., 1989. Effects of genotype and temperatureon pollen tube growth in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Sex. PlantReprod. 2, 225–230.Godini, A., de Palma, L., Petruzzella, A., 1987. Interrelationships of almond pollengermination at low temperatures, blooming time and biological behaviour ofcultivars. Adv. Hort. Sci. 1, 73–76.Hedhly, A., Hormaza, J.I., Herrero, M., 2005. Influence of genotype–temperatureinteraction on pollen performance. J. Evol. Biol. 18, 1494–1502.Hormaza, J.I., Herrero, M., 1999. Pollen performance as affected by the pistilar genotypein sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Protoplasma 208, 129–135.Jefferies, C.J., Brain, P., Stott, K.G., Belcher, A.R., 1982. Experimental systems andmathematical model for studying temperature effects on pollen-tube growthand fertilization in plum. Plant Cell Environ. 5, 231–236.Kakani, V.G., Prasad, P.V.V., Craufurd, P.Q., Wheeler, T.R., 2002. Response of in vitropollen germination and pollen tube growth of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)genotypes to temperature. Plant Cell Environ. 25, 1651–1661.Kakani, V.G., Reddy, K.R., Koti, S., Wallace, T.P., Prasad, P.V.V., Reddy, V.R., Zhao, D.,2005. Differences in in vitro pollen germination and pollen tube growth of cottoncultivars in response to high temperature. Ann. Bot. 96, 59–67.Kamiab, F., Vesvaei, A., Panahi, B., 2006. Male performance in pistachio (Pistacia veraL.). IV. International Symposium on Pistachios and Almonds. Acta Hort. 726,133–138.Kuru, C., 1995. Artificial pollination of pistachio trees under unsufficient pollinationconditions. First International Symposium on Pistachio Nut. Acta Hort. 419,121–123.Lee, C.W., Thomas, J.C., Buchmann, S.L., 1985. Factors affecting germination of jojobapollen. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 110 (5), 671–676.Mellenthin, W.M.,Wang, C.Y., Wang, S.Y., 1972. Influence of temperature on pollentube growth and initial fruit development in ‘D’Anjou’ pear. HortScience 7,557–559.Pirlak, L., 2002. The effects of temperature on pollen germination and pollentube growth of apricot and sweet cherry. Gartenbauwissenschaft 67 (2),61–64.Rosell, P., Herrero, M., Sauco, V.G., 1999. Pollen germination of cherimoya (Annonacherimmola Mill.). In vivo characterization and optimization of in vitro germination.Sci. Hort. 81, 251–265.SAS Institute, 1997. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 8.2. SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.SAS Institute, 2004. SAS/STAT User’s Guide, Version 9.1.3. SAS Institute Inc., Cary,NC.Shivanna, K.R., Linskens, H.F., Cresti, M., 1991. Response of tobacco pollen to highhumidity and heat stress: viability and germinability in vitro and in vivo. Sex.Plant Reprod. 4, 104–109.Shuraki, Y.D., Sedgley, M., 1994. Effect of pistil age and pollen parent on pollen tubegrowth and fruit production of pistachio. J. Hort. Sci. 69 (6), 1019–1027.Snow, A.A., Spira, T., 1991. Pollen vigor and the potential for sexual selection inplants. Nature 352, 796–797.Song, J., Nada, K., Tachibana, S., 1999. Ameliorative effect of polyamines on the hightemperature inhibition of in vitro pollen germination in tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.). Sci. Hort. 80, 203–212.Sukhvibul, N., Whiley, A.W., Vithanage, V., Smith, M.K., Doogan, V.J., Hetherington,S.E., 2000. Effect of temperature on pollen germination and pollen tube growthof four cultivars of mango (Mangifera indica L.). J. Hort. Sci. Biotechnol. 75 (2),64–68.Therios, I.N., Tsirakoglou, V.M., Dimossi-Theriou, K.N., 1985. Physiological aspectsof pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollen germination. Riv. Ortoflorofrutt Ital. 69,161–170.Vasilakakis, M., Porlingis, I.C., 1985. Effect of temperature on pollen germination,pollen tube growth, effective pollination period, and fruit set of pear. Hort. Sci.20 (4), 733–735.Vachun, Z., 1981. Etude de quelques properties morphologiques et physiologiquesdu pollen d’abricotier. Germination et croissance des tubes polliniques a bassestemperatures. Acta Hort. 85, 387–417.Wolukau, J.N., Zhang, S.L., Xu, G.H., Chen, D., 2004. The effect of temperature,polyamines and polyamine synthesis inhibitor on in vitro pollen germinationand pollen tube growth of Prunus mume. Sci. Hort. 99, 289–299.Zohary, M., 1952. A monographical study of the genus Pistacia. Palestine J. Bot. 5,187–228 (Jerusalem Ser.).


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