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Pollen Susceptibility of Pistacia Species to Different pH Medium

Diğer Başlık: Pollen Susceptibility of Pistacia Species to Different pH Medium

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Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Uluslararası indekslerde yer alıyor mu?: Evet

Yazar(lar): ARPACI, Selim (Yazar), ACAR, Izzet (Yazar),

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Yayınlayan: Antepfıstığı Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayın Adı: African Journal of Agricultural Research Yayın Tarihi: Sayı: 14 Cilt: 5 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 1830-1836


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Anahtar Kelimeler Pistacia, in vitro, pollen germination, pollen tube growth, pH.
Özet This study investigated the effect of different pH levels on in vitro pollen germination and pollen tubegrowth in Pistacia palaestina, Pistacia terebinthus, Pistacia atlantica, Pistacia khinjuk, and Pistacia veracv Kaska. Pollen susceptibility of Pistacia species to acidity or alkalinity of germination medium (pH2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 6.7 (distilled water), 7.0, 8.0 and 9.0) were tested. It was found that pollengermination and pollen tube growth for all species were greatly reduced when grown in the pH 3.0medium. None of the pollen of the Pistacia species could germinate at pH 2.0. With growth mediumsbetween pH 3.0 and 9.0, the amount and pattern of response in pollen germinability and tube growthvaried considerably between species. According to mean pollen germination, the highest value wasobtained at pH 6.0 (93.29%), while pH 3.0 had the lowest value, with 12.08%. The pollen tube growth ofthe species ranged from 87.6 mm (pH 3.0) to 1054.6 mm (pH 9.0). The pH of the germination medium alsoaffected differentiation in pollen germination and pollen tube growth between the genotypes.
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Notlar Abraitiene A, Zvingila D, Kuusiene S (2003). Pollen susceptibility toacidification and DNA polymorphism of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestrisL.) plus trees. Ekologija (Vilnius), 1: 51-54.Acar I (2004). Effects of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollinator typesselected in Ceylanpinar on fruit set and fruit quality of some pistachiocultivars. PhD thesis, University of Cukurova, Turkey.Ak BE (1992). Effects of pollens of different Pistacia species on the nutset and quality of pistachio nuts. PhD thesis, University of Cukurova,Turkey.Aktas T, Polat R (2007). Changes in the drying characteristics andwater activity values of selected pistachio cultivars during hot airdrying. J. Food Process Eng., 30(5): 607-624.Ayfer M (1964). Pistachio nut culture and its problems with specialreference to Turkey. Univ. Ankara, Fac. Agric. Yearbook, 189-217.Bellani LM, Rinallo C, Muccifora S (1997). Effects of simulated acid rainon the pollen physiology and ultrastructure in apple. Environ. Pollut.,95(3): 357-362.Bilim HC, Polat R (2008). Splitting and breaking of pistachio nuts withstriking and heating. J. Food Process Eng., 31(3): 317-329.Burke JJ, Velten J, Oliver MJ (2004). In vitro analysis of cotton pollengermination. Agron. J. 96: 359-368.Henny RJ (1977). Effect of sucrose level, medium composition and pHon the in vitro germination of pollen from Spathiphyllum floribundum(Linden & Andre). N.E. Br. Mauna Loa and Vriesea Malzinei E. Morr.Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 90: 304-306.Holdaway-Clarke TL, Hepler PK (2003). Control of pollen tube growth:role of ion gradients and fluxes. New Phytol., 159: 539-563.Hormaza JI, Herrero M (1999). Pollen performance as affected by thepistilar genotype in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Protoplasma,208: 129-135.Jayaprakash P, Sarla N (2001). Development of an improved mediumfor germination of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. pollen in vitro. J. Exp.Bot., 52: 851-855.Kwack BH (1964). The effect of calcium on pollen germination. Proc.Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 86:818-823.Mbogning JBD, Youmbi E, Nkongmeneck BA (2007). Morphological andin vitro germination studies of pollen grains in kola tree (Cola sp.).Akdeniz Un. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 20(2): 311-318.Munzuroglu O, Obek E, Gecgil H (2003). Effects of simulated acid rainon the pollen germination and polen tube growth of apple (Malussylvestris Miller cv. Golden). Acta Biol. Hung, 54(1): 95-103.Munzuroglu O, Obek E, Karatas F, Tatar SY (2005). Effects ofsimulated acid rain on vitamins A, E, and C in strawberry (Fragariavesca). Pakistan J. Nutr., 4(6): 402-406.Proctor JTA (1983). Effect of simulated sulfuric acid rain on apple treefoliage, nutrient content, and yield and fruit quality. Environ. Exp.Bot., 23: 167-174.Qiu DL, Liu XH, Guo SZ (2005). Effects of simulated acid rain on fertilityof litchi. J. Environ. Sci. 17(6): 1034-1037.Rinallo C (1989). Comparative effect the salt components of acid rain,acidified water and simulated acid rain on Malus communis L. andPirus Communis L. Advances Hortic. Sci., 3(3): 126-132.Tekin H, Arpaci S, Atli HS, Acar I, Karadag S, Yukceken Y, Yaman A(2001). Pistachio production. Pistachio Res. Inst. Press, Gaziantep.Therios IN, Tsirakoglou VM, Dimossi-Theriou KN (1985). Physiologicalaspects of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollen germination. RivistaOrtoflorofrutt Italy, 69: 161-170.Whitehouse WE, Koch EJ, Jones LE, Long JC, Stone GL (1964).Influence of pollens from diverse pistacia species on development ofpistachio nuts. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 84: 224-229.Zohary M (1952). A monographical study of the genus Pistacia.Palestine J. Bot. Jerusalem Ser., 5: 187-228.

KaynakçaAbraitiene A, Zvingila D, Kuusiene S (2003). Pollen susceptibility toacidification and DNA polymorphism of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestrisL.) plus trees. Ekologija (Vilnius), 1: 51-54.Acar I (2004). Effects of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollinator typesselected in Ceylanpinar on fruit set and fruit quality of some pistachiocultivars. PhD thesis, University of Cukurova, Turkey.Ak BE (1992). Effects of pollens of different Pistacia species on the nutset and quality of pistachio nuts. PhD thesis, University of Cukurova,Turkey.Aktas T, Polat R (2007). Changes in the drying characteristics andwater activity values of selected pistachio cultivars during hot airdrying. J. Food Process Eng., 30(5): 607-624.Ayfer M (1964). Pistachio nut culture and its problems with specialreference to Turkey. Univ. Ankara, Fac. Agric. Yearbook, 189-217.Bellani LM, Rinallo C, Muccifora S (1997). Effects of simulated acid rainon the pollen physiology and ultrastructure in apple. Environ. Pollut.,95(3): 357-362.Bilim HC, Polat R (2008). Splitting and breaking of pistachio nuts withstriking and heating. J. Food Process Eng., 31(3): 317-329.Burke JJ, Velten J, Oliver MJ (2004). In vitro analysis of cotton pollengermination. Agron. J. 96: 359-368.Henny RJ (1977). Effect of sucrose level, medium composition and pHon the in vitro germination of pollen from Spathiphyllum floribundum(Linden & Andre). N.E. Br. Mauna Loa and Vriesea Malzinei E. Morr.Proc. Fla. State Hort. Soc. 90: 304-306.Holdaway-Clarke TL, Hepler PK (2003). Control of pollen tube growth:role of ion gradients and fluxes. New Phytol., 159: 539-563.Hormaza JI, Herrero M (1999). Pollen performance as affected by thepistilar genotype in sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.). Protoplasma,208: 129-135.Jayaprakash P, Sarla N (2001). Development of an improved mediumfor germination of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. pollen in vitro. J. Exp.Bot., 52: 851-855.Kwack BH (1964). The effect of calcium on pollen germination. Proc.Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 86:818-823.Mbogning JBD, Youmbi E, Nkongmeneck BA (2007). Morphological andin vitro germination studies of pollen grains in kola tree (Cola sp.).Akdeniz Un. Ziraat Fak. Dergisi, 20(2): 311-318.Munzuroglu O, Obek E, Gecgil H (2003). Effects of simulated acid rainon the pollen germination and polen tube growth of apple (Malussylvestris Miller cv. Golden). Acta Biol. Hung, 54(1): 95-103.Munzuroglu O, Obek E, Karatas F, Tatar SY (2005). Effects ofsimulated acid rain on vitamins A, E, and C in strawberry (Fragariavesca). Pakistan J. Nutr., 4(6): 402-406.Proctor JTA (1983). Effect of simulated sulfuric acid rain on apple treefoliage, nutrient content, and yield and fruit quality. Environ. Exp.Bot., 23: 167-174.Qiu DL, Liu XH, Guo SZ (2005). Effects of simulated acid rain on fertilityof litchi. J. Environ. Sci. 17(6): 1034-1037.Rinallo C (1989). Comparative effect the salt components of acid rain,acidified water and simulated acid rain on Malus communis L. andPirus Communis L. Advances Hortic. Sci., 3(3): 126-132.Tekin H, Arpaci S, Atli HS, Acar I, Karadag S, Yukceken Y, Yaman A(2001). Pistachio production. Pistachio Res. Inst. Press, Gaziantep.Therios IN, Tsirakoglou VM, Dimossi-Theriou KN (1985). Physiologicalaspects of pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) pollen germination. RivistaOrtoflorofrutt Italy, 69: 161-170.Whitehouse WE, Koch EJ, Jones LE, Long JC, Stone GL (1964).Influence of pollens from diverse pistacia species on development ofpistachio nuts. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 84: 224-229.Zohary M (1952). A monographical study of the genus Pistacia.Palestine J. Bot. Jerusalem Ser., 5: 187-228.


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