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Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizers (2) On Quality Characteristics of Wheat Crop

Diğer Başlık: Azotlu Gübrelemenin Buğdayda Kalite Parametreleri Üzerine Etkisi

Oluşturulma Tarihi: 1999

Niteleme Bilgileri

Tür: Makale

Yayınlanma Durumu: Yayınlanmış

Dosya Biçimi: PDF

Dil: İngilizce

Konu(lar): Tarım (Genel),

Revizyon: 1

Yazar(lar): Savasli, Erdinc (Yazar), Onder, Oguz (Yazar), Dayioglu, Ramis (Yazar),

Emeği Geçen(ler):

URL: http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/47/

Diğer Niteleme Bilgileri:
Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizers (2) On Quality Characteristics of Wheat Crop http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/47/383.pdf


Yayınlayan: Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü Yayın Adı: Revue de Cytologie et Biologie vegetales-Le Botaniste (29 August- 2 September 2005) Amıens-France Yayın Tarihi: 1999 Sayı: 2 Cilt: 28 Yayınlandığı Sayfalar: 161-169


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Anahtar Kelimeler
Biologic yield, chlorophyll, N-content, N-uptake, protein content, soil NH4 and NO3-N
Özet
An experiment was conducted to see the effect of nitrogen fertilizers, rates and time of application on some qualitycharacteristics of wheat crop grown at Enstitu and Guneli locations, Eskisehir, Turkey. Rates of 0, 60 and 120 kg N/ha wereused in this experiment. Half of these rates in the shape of ammonium sulphate (20 % N) were applied at the time of sowingand in the second half these rates were applied as Calcium ammonium nitrate (26 % CAN) and urea (46 %) at four differenttimes that is 20th Feb., 20th March., 20th April and 20th. of May. In addition to this P as triple super phosphate (42-44 %P2O5) was also applied before sowing for the normal growth of the crop. Experimental design used was randomisedcomplete block split-split plot with four replications. The results showed, that both N fertilizers have increased the biologicyield of wheat. The N rates have significant effect on the chlorophyll content of leaves, on the sedimentation value of grain,N-content and N-uptake of grain and on protein content of grain. Nitrogen fertilizer rates have significantly affected thewheat straw N content and N-uptake also.
İçindekiler
Açıklamalar
Haklar Telif hakkı sorunu yoktur
Notlar ALCOZ, (M..M), HONS FRANK, (M) and HABY VINCENT (A), 1993. Nitrogen Fertilization Timing Effect on Wheat Production,Nitrogen Uptake Efficiency, and Residual Soil Nitrogen Agro. J. 85: 1198-1203.AYOUB, (A.T), 1974. Effect of nitrogen Source and Time Of Application on Wheat Nitrogen Uptake and Grain Yield. Can. Agric. Sci J.82:567-569.BAETHGEN, (W.E) and ALLEY, (M.M), (1989). Optimizing Soil and Fertilizer Nitrogen Use by Intensively Managed Winter Wheat. Ll.Critical Level and Optimum Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 81: 120-125.BOMAN, (R.K), WESTERMAN, (R.L), RAUN, (W.R) and JOJOLA, (M.E), 1995.Time of Nitrogen Application: Effects on Winter Wheatand Residual Soil Nitrat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 59: 1364-1369.CHRISTENSEN, (N.W) and MEINTS, (V.W), 1982. Evaluating N Fertilizer Sources and Timing for Winter Wheat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.,74:840-844GRAVELLE, (W.D), ALLEY, (M.M), BRANN, 8D.E) and JOSEPH, (K.D.S.M), 1988. Split Spring NitrogenApplication Effects on Yield,Lodging, and Nutrient Uptake of Soft Red Winter Wheat.Can J. Agric. Science, 1:249-256.JANZEN, (H.H), ROBERTS (T.L) and LINDWALL, (C.W), 1991.Uptake of Point-Injected Nitrogen By Winter Wheat As Influenced ByTime of Application. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:259-264.KALAYCI, (M.), KAYA ( F), AYDIN (M), ÖZBEK, (V) and ATLI, (A), 1996. Batı Geçit Bölgesi Kosullarında Buğdayın Verim ve TaneProtein Kapsamı Üzerine Azotun Etkisi. Tr. J. Agriculture and Forestry, 20:49-59. Özel Sayı.KILMER, (V.J) and WEBB, (J), 1968. Agronomic Effectineveness of Different Fertilizers. PP. 33-65. In: R:C.Dinauer (ed). ChangingPatterns in Fertilizers Use. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., Inc. Madison, Wisconsin,USA.10LLOVERAS (J), LOPEZ (A), FERRAN (J), ESPACHS (S), SOLSONA (J), 2001. Bread-Making Wheat and Soil Nitrate As Affected ByNitrogen Fertilization in Irrigated Mediterranean Onditions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 93: 1183-1190LLOYD (M)., DOTTDE (C) and JAMES (J)., 2004. Comparison and Use Of Chlorophyll Meters On Wheat (Reflectance Vs.Transmittance/Absorbance). http://www.ca.uky.edu./agc/pubs/agr/agr170/agr170.pdf.MEELU, (O.P), SAGGAR, (S), MASKINA, (M.S) and REKHI, (R.S), 1987. Time and Sources of Nitrogen Application in Rice and Wheat.J. Agric. Sci. Camb., 109:387-391OTTMAN, M. J., THOMAS, A.D., EDWARD, C.M., 2000a. Durum Grain Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilization Near Anthesis andIrrigation During Grain Fill. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 92:1035-1041.OORO (P.A), LIAVOGA (A.B), TANNER (D.G)and PAYNE (T.S), 1999. Effect of Rate Timing of Nitrogen Application on Grain Qualityand Yield of Bread Wheat in Kenya. Africa Crop.Sci.Con. Pro., 4:183-186OTTMAN, (M.J.), THOMAS, (A.D.), EDWARD, (C.M.), 2000a. Durum Grain Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilization Near Anthesisand Irrigation During Grain Fill. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 92: 1035-1041.OTTMAN, (M. J), and POPE NANCEY (V), 2000b. Nitrogen Fertilizer Movement in The Soil as Influenced by Nitrogen Rate and TimingDn Drrigated Wheat. Soil Sci. Soc Am. J. 64:1883-1892.SADE, (B), YILMAZ, (A), TOPAL, (A), SOYLU, (S), KAN, (Y) and ÖZTÜRK,(Ö), 1995. Konya Kosullarında Azotlu Gübre Formu veUygulama Zamanının "Gerek 79" Ekmeklik Buğday Çesidinde Verim ve Verim Unsurlarına Etkisi .S .Ü. Z. F. Der.6 (8):74-87 KonyaSOWERS, (K.E), MILLER, (B.C) and PAN, (W.L), 1994. Optimizing Yield and Grain Protein in Soft White Winter Wheat with SplitNitrogen Applications. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 86: 1020-1025.SPRATT, (E.D), 1974. Effect Of Ammonium and Nitrate Forms Of Fertilizer-N and Their Time Of Application On Utilization Of By Wheat.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 6:57-61STANFORD (G) and HUNTER (A.S), 1973. Nitrogen Requirements of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties Blueboy andRedcoat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 65: 442-447.VANGÖL (Y)., 1999. Ekmek Mevzuatı Teknolojisi. Dzmir, Tarım Dl Müdürlüğü GELETO, T. 1994. The Effect of Nitrogen FertilizerSources, Rates and Time of Application on The Nitrogen Uptake, Grain Yield and Yield Components of WheatAlemaya University ofAgriculture School of Graduate Studies (June-1994) Doktora tezi 150s.VAUGHAN (B), WESTFALL (D.G), BARBARICK (K.A) and CHAPMAN (P.L), 1990b. Spring Nitrogen Fertilizer RecommendationModels For Dryland Hard Red Winter Wheat Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 82:565-571.VAUGHAN, (B), WESTFALL (D.G) and BARBARICK (K.A), 1990a. Nitrogen Rate and Timing Effects on Winter Wheat Grain Yield,Grain protein and Economics. Am. Agric. J., 3: 324-328.WUEST, (S.B) and CASSMAN (K.G), 1992. Fertilizer Nitrogen Use Efficiency of irrigated Wheat: l. Uptake Efficiency of Preplant VersusLate-Season Application. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 84: 682-688.

KaynakçaALCOZ, (M..M), HONS FRANK, (M) and HABY VINCENT (A), 1993. Nitrogen Fertilization Timing Effect on Wheat Production,Nitrogen Uptake Efficiency, and Residual Soil Nitrogen Agro. J. 85: 1198-1203.AYOUB, (A.T), 1974. Effect of nitrogen Source and Time Of Application on Wheat Nitrogen Uptake and Grain Yield. Can. Agric. Sci J.82:567-569.BAETHGEN, (W.E) and ALLEY, (M.M), (1989). Optimizing Soil and Fertilizer Nitrogen Use by Intensively Managed Winter Wheat. Ll.Critical Level and Optimum Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 81: 120-125.BOMAN, (R.K), WESTERMAN, (R.L), RAUN, (W.R) and JOJOLA, (M.E), 1995.Time of Nitrogen Application: Effects on Winter Wheatand Residual Soil Nitrat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 59: 1364-1369.CHRISTENSEN, (N.W) and MEINTS, (V.W), 1982. Evaluating N Fertilizer Sources and Timing for Winter Wheat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.,74:840-844GRAVELLE, (W.D), ALLEY, (M.M), BRANN, 8D.E) and JOSEPH, (K.D.S.M), 1988. Split Spring NitrogenApplication Effects on Yield,Lodging, and Nutrient Uptake of Soft Red Winter Wheat.Can J. Agric. Science, 1:249-256.JANZEN, (H.H), ROBERTS (T.L) and LINDWALL, (C.W), 1991.Uptake of Point-Injected Nitrogen By Winter Wheat As Influenced ByTime of Application. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:259-264.KALAYCI, (M.), KAYA ( F), AYDIN (M), ÖZBEK, (V) and ATLI, (A), 1996. Batı Geçit Bölgesi Kosullarında Buğdayın Verim ve TaneProtein Kapsamı Üzerine Azotun Etkisi. Tr. J. Agriculture and Forestry, 20:49-59. Özel Sayı.KILMER, (V.J) and WEBB, (J), 1968. Agronomic Effectineveness of Different Fertilizers. PP. 33-65. In: R:C.Dinauer (ed). ChangingPatterns in Fertilizers Use. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer., Inc. Madison, Wisconsin,USA.10LLOVERAS (J), LOPEZ (A), FERRAN (J), ESPACHS (S), SOLSONA (J), 2001. Bread-Making Wheat and Soil Nitrate As Affected ByNitrogen Fertilization in Irrigated Mediterranean Onditions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 93: 1183-1190LLOYD (M)., DOTTDE (C) and JAMES (J)., 2004. Comparison and Use Of Chlorophyll Meters On Wheat (Reflectance Vs.Transmittance/Absorbance). http://www.ca.uky.edu./agc/pubs/agr/agr170/agr170.pdf.MEELU, (O.P), SAGGAR, (S), MASKINA, (M.S) and REKHI, (R.S), 1987. Time and Sources of Nitrogen Application in Rice and Wheat.J. Agric. Sci. Camb., 109:387-391OTTMAN, M. J., THOMAS, A.D., EDWARD, C.M., 2000a. Durum Grain Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilization Near Anthesis andIrrigation During Grain Fill. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 92:1035-1041.OORO (P.A), LIAVOGA (A.B), TANNER (D.G)and PAYNE (T.S), 1999. Effect of Rate Timing of Nitrogen Application on Grain Qualityand Yield of Bread Wheat in Kenya. Africa Crop.Sci.Con. Pro., 4:183-186OTTMAN, (M.J.), THOMAS, (A.D.), EDWARD, (C.M.), 2000a. Durum Grain Quality as Affected by Nitrogen Fertilization Near Anthesisand Irrigation During Grain Fill. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 92: 1035-1041.OTTMAN, (M. J), and POPE NANCEY (V), 2000b. Nitrogen Fertilizer Movement in The Soil as Influenced by Nitrogen Rate and TimingDn Drrigated Wheat. Soil Sci. Soc Am. J. 64:1883-1892.SADE, (B), YILMAZ, (A), TOPAL, (A), SOYLU, (S), KAN, (Y) and ÖZTÜRK,(Ö), 1995. Konya Kosullarında Azotlu Gübre Formu veUygulama Zamanının "Gerek 79" Ekmeklik Buğday Çesidinde Verim ve Verim Unsurlarına Etkisi .S .Ü. Z. F. Der.6 (8):74-87 KonyaSOWERS, (K.E), MILLER, (B.C) and PAN, (W.L), 1994. Optimizing Yield and Grain Protein in Soft White Winter Wheat with SplitNitrogen Applications. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 86: 1020-1025.SPRATT, (E.D), 1974. Effect Of Ammonium and Nitrate Forms Of Fertilizer-N and Their Time Of Application On Utilization Of By Wheat.Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 6:57-61STANFORD (G) and HUNTER (A.S), 1973. Nitrogen Requirements of Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties Blueboy andRedcoat. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 65: 442-447.VANGÖL (Y)., 1999. Ekmek Mevzuatı Teknolojisi. Dzmir, Tarım Dl Müdürlüğü GELETO, T. 1994. The Effect of Nitrogen FertilizerSources, Rates and Time of Application on The Nitrogen Uptake, Grain Yield and Yield Components of WheatAlemaya University ofAgriculture School of Graduate Studies (June-1994) Doktora tezi 150s.VAUGHAN (B), WESTFALL (D.G), BARBARICK (K.A) and CHAPMAN (P.L), 1990b. Spring Nitrogen Fertilizer RecommendationModels For Dryland Hard Red Winter Wheat Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 82:565-571.VAUGHAN, (B), WESTFALL (D.G) and BARBARICK (K.A), 1990a. Nitrogen Rate and Timing Effects on Winter Wheat Grain Yield,Grain protein and Economics. Am. Agric. J., 3: 324-328.WUEST, (S.B) and CASSMAN (K.G), 1992. Fertilizer Nitrogen Use Efficiency of irrigated Wheat: l. Uptake Efficiency of Preplant VersusLate-Season Application. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 84: 682-688.


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