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A Project on Developing Monoecious Pistachio (Pistacia vera) Populations and Determination of Sex Mechanism in Pistacia

BROWSE_DETAIL_TITLE_ALTERNATE: Monoik Antepfıstığı (Pistacia vera) Populasyonlarının Geliştirilmesi ve Pistacia Cinsinde Cinsiyet Mekanizmasının Belirlenmesi Üzerine Bir Proje

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATION_DATE: 1999

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BROWSE_DETAIL_TYPE: Conference or Workshop Item

BROWSE_DETAIL_SUB_TYPE: Paper

BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISH_STATE: Published

BROWSE_DETAIL_FORMAT: PDF Document

BROWSE_DETAIL_LANG: English

BROWSE_DETAIL_SUBJECTS: Agriculture (General),

BROWSE_DETAIL_REVISION: 1

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATORS: ACAR, Izzet (Author),

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BROWSE_DETAIL_URL: http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/180/

BROWSE_DETAIL_IDENTIFIER_OTHER:
A Project on Developing Monoecious Pistachio (Pistacia vera) Populations and Determination of Sex Mechanism in Pistacia http://mitos.tagem.gov.tr/browse/180/566.pdf


BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISHER: Antepfıstığı Araştırma Enstitüsü BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_NAME: Options Mediterraneennes BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_LOCATION: CIHEAM - IAMZ, Zaragoza - Spain BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_DATE: 1999 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_NUMBER: 1 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_VOLUME: 63 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_PAGE: 57-60


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BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_KEYWORDS Monoecious, Pistacia vera, breeding, sex mechanism, P. atlantica.
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_ABSTRACT Exceptional wild P. atlantica populations with several monoecious trees were recently found in theYunt Mountains of the Manisa province of Turkey. This project aims to develop monoecious P. vera cultivars, andto determine sex mechanism and inheritance in Pistacia by inter- and intra-specific hybridization using thesetrees. Two monoecious P. atlantica genotypes were used both as male and female parents: One is “fullymonoecious” i.e., they bore a mixture of male and female inflorescences. Another genotype has several brancheswith only staminate flowers, while the rest of the branches bore pistillate inflorescences. One P. atlanticagenotype and two P. vera cultivars ('Ohadi' and 'Siirt') were used as other female parents. One P. atlantica andone P. vera genotypes were used as male parents as well. Altogether, 20 intra- and inter-specific crossesbetween 5 female and 4 male genotypes were performed. Four of the crosses will mainly serve to breedmonoecious P. vera genotypes and the rest of them will help to understand sex inheritance mechanisms inPistacia. The crosses between P. atlantica genotypes were done in the spring of 2001 and the hybridizationsbetween P. vera and monoecious P. atlantica genotypes were performed in the spring of 2002. The plants of2001 crosses are now one year old and they were morphologically characterized. The seeds from 2002 crosseswere germinated and transplanted into plastic bags. The orchard will be established with approximately 3000plants. About 1500-1600 plants are hybrids between P. vera cultivars and monoecious P. atlantica genotypesand the rest of them are from the other combinations. The breeding orchard will be set up in the PistachioResearch Institute in Gaziantep province with drip irrigation in the autumn of 2003.
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BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_RIGHTS Telif hakkı sorunu yoktur.
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_NOTES XIII. GREMPA Meeting on Almonds and Pistachios

BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_REFERENCESCrane, J.C. (1974). Hermaphroditism in Pistacia. California Agriculture, 28: 3-4.Kafkas, S. (2002). Developing of monoecious pistachio (P. vera L.) populations and the sexdetermination mechanism in Pistacia by crossbreeding. III International Symposium on Pistachiosand Almonds, Socias I Company, R., Batlle, I., Hormaza, I., Espiau, M.T. (eds). Zaragoza, Spain,May 2001. Acta Horticulturae (ISHS), 591: 285-289.Kafkas, S., Perl-Treves, R. and Kaska, N. (2000). Unusual Pistacia atlantica Desf. monoecious sextypes in the Yunt Mountains of the Manisa province of Turkey. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences,48(4): 277-280.Maranto, J. and Crane, J.C. (1982). Pistachio production. Division of Agricultural Sciences, Univ. ofCalifornia, Leaflet 2279, p.18.Özbek, S. and Ayfer, M. (1958). A hermaphrodite Pistacia found in the vicinity of Antep, Turkey. Proc.Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 72: 240-241.Zohary, M. (1952). A monographical study of the genus Pistacia. Palestine Journal of Botany,Jerusalem Series, 5: 187-228.


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