Bu kaydın yasal hükümlere uygun olmadığını düşünüyorsanız lütfen sayfa sonundaki Hata Bildir bağlantısını takip ederek bildirimde bulununuz. Kayıtlar ilgili üniversite yöneticileri tarafından eklenmektedir. Nadiren de olsa kayıtlarla ilgili hatalar oluşabilmektedir. MİTOS internet üzerindeki herhangi bir ödev sitesi değildir!

Ekmeklik Buğdayda (Triticum aestivum L.) Ekim Zamanı ve Sıklığı ile Kalite Kriterleri Arasındaki İlişkilerin Belirlenmesi.

BROWSE_DETAIL_TITLE_ALTERNATE: Determination of Relationship Between Planting Time and Quality Parameters on Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATION_DATE: 1999

BROWSE_DETAIL_IDENTIFIER_SECTION

BROWSE_DETAIL_TYPE: Article

BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISH_STATE: Published

BROWSE_DETAIL_FORMAT: PDF Document

BROWSE_DETAIL_LANG: Turkish

BROWSE_DETAIL_SUBJECTS: Agriculture (General),

BROWSE_DETAIL_REVISION: 1

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATORS: karaduman, yaşar (Author), Cekic, Cemal (Author), Savasli, Erdinc (Author), Onder, Oguz (Author), Dayioglu, Ramis (Author),

BROWSE_DETAIL_CONTRIBUTERS:


BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISHER: Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_NAME: Ülkesel Tahıl Sempozyumu. 2-5 Haziran, Konya BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_DATE: 1999 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_NUMBER: ISBN: 978-975-4 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_VOLUME: - BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_PAGE: 201-209


BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_FILE:
file show file
BROWSE_DETAIL_SHOW_FILE
download file
BROWSE_DETAIL_SAVE_FILE

BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_KEYWORDS Ekmeklik buğday, kalite, ekim zamanı, ekim sıklığı
Bread wheat, quality, planting date, seeding rate
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_ABSTRACT Bu çalışma, Sultan95 ve Bezostaya1 ekmeklik buğday çeşitlerinde sulanır koşullarda ekim zamanı ve tohum miktarının dane verimi ve bazı kalite kriterleri üzerine etkilerini araştırmak amacıyla yürütülmüştür. Çalışma Eskişehir’deki Anadolu Tarımsal Araştırma Enstitüsü deneme tarlalarında 1999 ve 2003 yılları arasında sürdürülmüştür. Denemede 5 ayrı ekim zamanı (20 Eylül, 1,15,30 Ekim ve 15 Kasım) ve 4 ekim sıklığı (300, 400, 500 ve 600 dane/m²) kullanılmış ve tesadüf bloklarında bölünen bölünmüş parseller deneme deseninde 4 tekerrürlü olarak yürütülmüştür. Elde olunan sonuçlar bölgede her iki çeşit için en uygun ekim zamanının 1–15 Ekim arası olduğunu, daha geç ekilişlerin dane veriminde büyük düşüşe neden olduğunu (en geç ekimde % 44–61.5) göstermiştir. 15 Eylül ekilişleri de aşırı erken gelişmenin bazı yıllarda neden olduğu soğuk zararı nedeniyle riskli bulunmuştur. Geç ekimin neden olduğu verim kaybı Sultan95 çeşidinde daha fazla olmuş, bunun daha yüksek verim potansiyeli ve daha geç başaklanma özelliğinden kaynaklandığı, bunun sonucu olarak Sultan95’in Bezostaya1’e olan verim üstünlüğünü sadece zamanında yapılan ekimlerde gösterebildiği, geç ekilişlerde çeşitler arasındaki verim farkının kapandığı anlaşılmıştır. Geç ekimlerdeki verim azalmalarının birim alandaki başak sayısında ve bindane ağırlığındaki azalmalardan kaynaklandığı ve özellikle dane ağırlığındaki azalmanın daha geççi olması nedeniyle Sultan95’te daha büyük olduğu görülmüştür. Ekim zamanı ile ekim sıklığı arasındaki interaksiyon önemli bulunmuş ve geç ekilişlerde tohum miktarının bir miktar arttırılması gerektiği sonucuna varılmıştır. Geç ekilişler hektolitre ağırlığını genelde etkilememiş, sadece en geç ekimde biraz düşürmüştür. Sedimentasyon değerleri ve dane protein yüzdeleri de genelde etkilenmemiş, yalnızca Sultan95’in dane protein yüzdesi en geç ekimde bir miktar artmış ve bu durum dane iriliğinde meydana gelen büyük düşüşle ilgili görülmüştür.
The study was aimed to investigate the effects of planting date and seeding rate on grain yield and some quality parameters of Sultan95 and Bezostaya1 bread wheat (triticum aestivum L.) varieties under irrigated conditions. It was carried out from 1999 to 2003 at Anatolian Agricultural Research Institute experiment fields in Eskisehir. 5 different planting dates (September 20, October 1, 15, 30, November 15) and 4 seeding rates (300, 400, 500 and 600 seeds/m2) were compared in one of the experiments. The experimental layout was split split plots in randomized complete block design with 4 replications. The results showed that; the most suitable planting date for both varieties is 1 to 15 October in the region, as later plantings decreased grain yields drastically (% 44 to 61.5 at latest planting). September plantings were also found risky due to cold damage resulting from excessive early growth. Yield reduction at late plantings was more pronounced for Sultan95 due to its higher yield potential and later heading properties and as a result, it was superior to Bezostaya1 only when planted at optimum planting dates and losing this advantage at late plantings because of higher yield reduction. Decreases in number of spikes per area and thousand grain weight were the main reasons for yield reductions caused by late plantings, the latter of which was more effective for Sultan95 due to later heading date. There was a significant interaction between planting date and seeding rate and it was concluded that when planting date was delayed seeding rate should be increased. Late planting decreased hectoliter weight slightly and only at latest planting date. Sedimentation values and protein percentages were not affected significantly, except for a slight increase in protein percentage of Sultan95 at latest planting, presumably due to greater decrease in grain weight.
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_TOC
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_DESCRIPTION
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_RIGHTS Telif hakkı sorunu yoktur.
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_NOTES Acevedo, E., Silva, P., Silva, H., 2002. Wheat growth and physiology. In B.C. Curtis, S.Rajaram, H. Gómez Macpherson, Eds. Bread Wheat Improvement and Production. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series. No 30.Anderson, W.K., Shackley, B.J. and Sawkins, D., 1998. Grain yield and quality: Euphytica, 100, 183-188.Cao, W., Moss, D.N., 1994. Sensitivity of winter wheat phyllochron to environmental changes. Agron. J., 86, 63-66.Fowler,D.B.,2002. Winter Wheat Produc. Manual. Unv. of Saskatchevan, Saskatoon, Canada.Gooding, M.J., and Davies, W.P., 1997. Wheat production and utilization. CAB Int., Wallingford, UK.Hobbs, P.R., Sayre, K.D. and Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I., 1998. Increasing wheat yields sustainably through agronomic means. CIMMYT. Natural Resources Group. Paper 98-01.Holliday, R., 1960. Plant population and crop yield. I. Field Crop Abstr. 13: 150-158.Housley, T.L. and Ohm, H.W., 1992. Earliness and duration of grain fill in winter wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant science, 72, 35-48.Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I., Dhillon, S.S., and Fischer, R.A., 1994. Date of sowing effects on grain yield and yield components of irrigated spring wheat cultivars and relationships with radiation and temperature in Ludhiana, India. Field Crops Research, 37: 169-184.Satorre, E.H., 1999. Plant density and distribution as modifiers of growth and yield. p. 141–159. In E.H. Satorre and G.A. Slafer (ed.) Wheat: Ecology and physiology of yield determination. Food Products Press, New York.Shah, S.A., Harrison, S.A., Boquet, D.J., Colyer, P.D., Moore, S.H., 1994. management effects on yield and yield components of late planted wheat. Crop Sci. 34, 1298-1303.Sofield, I., Wardlaw, I.F., Evans, L.T. and Lee, S.Y. 1977. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and water contents during grain development and maturation in wheat. Austr. J. Plant Physiol., 4: 799-810.Stapper, M. and Fischer, R.A. 1990. Genotype, sowing date and plant spacing influence on high-yielding irrigated wheat in southern New South Wales. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 41: 997-1019.Sun, H., Zhang, X., Chen, S., Pei, D., Liu, C., 2007. Effects of harvest and sowing time on the performance of the rotation of winter wheat-summer maize in the North China Plain. Industrial Crops and Products, 25, 239-247.Thill, D.C., Witter, R.E., Papendick, R.I., 1978. Interactions of early- and late-planted wheat with their environment. Agron. J. 70, 1041-1047.

BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_REFERENCESAcevedo, E., Silva, P., Silva, H., 2002. Wheat growth and physiology. In B.C. Curtis, S.Rajaram, H. Gómez Macpherson, Eds. Bread Wheat Improvement and Production. FAO Plant Production and Protection Series. No 30.Anderson, W.K., Shackley, B.J. and Sawkins, D., 1998. Grain yield and quality: Euphytica, 100, 183-188.Cao, W., Moss, D.N., 1994. Sensitivity of winter wheat phyllochron to environmental changes. Agron. J., 86, 63-66.Fowler,D.B.,2002. Winter Wheat Produc. Manual. Unv. of Saskatchevan, Saskatoon, Canada.Gooding, M.J., and Davies, W.P., 1997. Wheat production and utilization. CAB Int., Wallingford, UK.Hobbs, P.R., Sayre, K.D. and Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I., 1998. Increasing wheat yields sustainably through agronomic means. CIMMYT. Natural Resources Group. Paper 98-01.Holliday, R., 1960. Plant population and crop yield. I. Field Crop Abstr. 13: 150-158.Housley, T.L. and Ohm, H.W., 1992. Earliness and duration of grain fill in winter wheat. Canadian Journal of Plant science, 72, 35-48.Ortiz-Monasterio, J.I., Dhillon, S.S., and Fischer, R.A., 1994. Date of sowing effects on grain yield and yield components of irrigated spring wheat cultivars and relationships with radiation and temperature in Ludhiana, India. Field Crops Research, 37: 169-184.Satorre, E.H., 1999. Plant density and distribution as modifiers of growth and yield. p. 141–159. In E.H. Satorre and G.A. Slafer (ed.) Wheat: Ecology and physiology of yield determination. Food Products Press, New York.Shah, S.A., Harrison, S.A., Boquet, D.J., Colyer, P.D., Moore, S.H., 1994. management effects on yield and yield components of late planted wheat. Crop Sci. 34, 1298-1303.Sofield, I., Wardlaw, I.F., Evans, L.T. and Lee, S.Y. 1977. Nitrogen, phosphorus, and water contents during grain development and maturation in wheat. Austr. J. Plant Physiol., 4: 799-810.Stapper, M. and Fischer, R.A. 1990. Genotype, sowing date and plant spacing influence on high-yielding irrigated wheat in southern New South Wales. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 41: 997-1019.Sun, H., Zhang, X., Chen, S., Pei, D., Liu, C., 2007. Effects of harvest and sowing time on the performance of the rotation of winter wheat-summer maize in the North China Plain. Industrial Crops and Products, 25, 239-247.Thill, D.C., Witter, R.E., Papendick, R.I., 1978. Interactions of early- and late-planted wheat with their environment. Agron. J. 70, 1041-1047.


BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_REFERENCED_BYS

BROWSE_DETAIL_GOTO_LIST

 

TEXT_STATS

  • TEXT_RECORD_STATS
    • TEXT_STATS_THIS_MONTH: 0
    • TEXT_STATS_TOTAL: 916
  • TEXT_ONLINE_STATS
    • TEXT_ONLINE_STATS_TOTALONLINEVISITOR: 0
    • TEXT_ONLINE_STATS_TOTALONLINEUSER:
    • TEXT_STATS_TOTAL: 0

LINK_STATS