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Effect of an herbal essential oil mixture on growth, laying traits,

BROWSE_DETAIL_TITLE_ALTERNATE: Effect of an herbal essential oil mixture on growth, laying traits,

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATION_DATE: 1999

BROWSE_DETAIL_IDENTIFIER_SECTION

BROWSE_DETAIL_TYPE: Article

BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISH_STATE: Published

BROWSE_DETAIL_FORMAT: PDF Document

BROWSE_DETAIL_LANG: English

BROWSE_DETAIL_SUBJECTS: Agriculture (General),

BROWSE_DETAIL_REVISION: 1

BROWSE_DETAIL_CREATORS: çabuk, metin (Author), alçiçek, ahmet (Author), catli, abdullah ugur (Author), kucukyilmaz, kamil (Author),

BROWSE_DETAIL_CONTRIBUTERS: bozkurt, mehmet (Preparer),


BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLISHER: Erbeyli İncir Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_NAME: Poultry science BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_DATE: 1999 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_VOLUME: 88 BROWSE_DETAIL_PUBLICATION_PAGE: 2368-2374


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BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_KEYWORDS essential oil , broiler breeder , laying trait , egg hatching characteristic
BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_ABSTRACT The effects of supplementing a basal dietwith 2 levels of an essential oil mixture and an antibioticon the growth, laying traits, and egg hatching characteristicsof broiler breeders were examined in this study.Nine hundred sixty female and 128 male breeders at anage of 1 d old were randomly allocated to 16 replicates(i.e., 4 replicates of 4 dietary treatments) in a floor pentrial. Two levels of an essential oil mixture (EOM; i.e.,24 and 48 mg of EOM/kg of diet) and an antibiotic(i.e., l0 mg of avilamycin/kg of diet) were added to thebasal starter, grower, and laying diets from 0 to 45 wkof age. Daily feed allocations were adjusted to producea target BW and egg production rate of the breedersthroughout the experimental period. The BW of themales and females were determined at 12, 21, and 45wk of age. Livability during the growing and layingperiod was not affected by the dietary treatments. Thefertility and hatchability of total eggs set were positivelyaffected by the supplementation of the EOM in thediet (P < 0.01). The hen-day egg production, hatchingegg weight, settable egg ratio, hatching of fertile eggs,extra large egg rate, and proportion of chick weight toegg weight were not affected significantly. The higherlevel of EOM (48 mg/kg) added to the diet led to thehatching of the heaviest chickens; the lower level ofEOM (24 mg/kg) and antibiotic treatments led to thehatching of the intermediate weight chickens, followedby the control treatment (P < 0.01). Hens given thelower level of EOM in their diets produced a highernumber of settable eggs and chicks as compared withthose of other treatments, whereas hens fed the controldiet yielded the lowest total settable eggs and chicksthroughout the experimental laying period (P < 0.05).The results of this study showed that supplementingdiets with EOM improved fertility, the hatchability oftotal eggs set, total settable eggs, total chicks, and thechick weight of broiler breeders.
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BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_NOTES Alçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt, and M. Çabuk. 2003. The effects of anessential oil combination derived from selected herbs growingwild in Turkey on broiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci.33:89–94.Alçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt, and M. Çabuk. 2004. The effects of a mixtureof herbal essential oil, an organic acid or a probiotic onbroiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 34:217–222.Ather, M. A. M. 2000. Polyherbal additive proves effective againstvertical transmission of IBD. World Poult. 16:50–52.Bach Knudsen, K. E. 2001. Development of antibiotic resistance andoptions to replace antimicrobials in animal diets. Proc. Nutr.Soc. 60:291–299.Bang, K. H., D. W. Lee, H. M. Park, and Y. H. Rhee. 2000. Inhibitionof fungal cell wall synthesizing enzymes by trans-cinnamaldehyde.Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64:1061–1063.Barton, M. 2000. Antibiotic use in animal feed and its impact onhuman health. Nutr. Res. Rev. 13:279–299.Basmacioğlu, H., Ö. Tokuşoğlu, and M. Ergül. 2004. The effect oforegano and rosemary essential oils or ?-tocopheryl acetate onperformance and lipid oxidation of meat enriched with n-3 PUFA’sin broilers. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 34:197–210.Bassett, R. 2000. Oregano’s positive impact on poultry production.World Poult. 16:31–34.Botsoglou, N. A., P. Florou-Paneri, E. Botsoglou, V. Datos, I. Giannenas,A. Koidis, and P. Mitrakos. 2005. The effect of feedingrosemary, oregano, saffron and ?-tocopheryl acetate on hen performanceand oxidative stability of eggs. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci.35:143–151.Bozkurt, M., K. Küçükyilmaz, A. U. Çatli, and M. Çinar. 2005.Growth performance and carcass yield of broiler chickens givenantibiotic, mannan oligosaccharide and dextran oligosaccharidesupplemented diets. Pages 68–69 in Nutritional Biotechnologyin the Feed and Food Industries. Proceedings of the 21st AnnualSymposium, Lexington, KY. (Suppl. 1). Alltech Inc., Nicholasville,KY.Çabuk, M., M. Bozkurt, A. Alçiçek, A. U. Çatli, and K. H. C. Başer.2006. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, a mannanoligosaccharide or an antibiotic on performance of laying hens underhot climatic conditions. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 36:135–141.Cervantes, H. 2006. Banning antibiotic growth promoters: Learningfrom the European experience. Poult. Int. 45:14–15.Ma, D, A. Shan, Z. Chen, J. Du, K. Song, J. Li, and Q. Xu. 2005.Effect of Ligustrum lucidum and Schisandra chinensis on the eggproduction, antioxidant status and immunity of laying hens duringheat stress. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59:439–447.García, V., P. Catalá-Gregori, F. Hernández, M. D. Megías, and J.Madrid. 2007. Effect of formic acid and plant extracts on growth,nutrient digestibility, intestine mucosa morphology, and meatyield of broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16:555–562.Gill, C. 2001. Safe and sustainable feed ingredients. Feed Int.22:40–45.Hernandez, F., J. Madrid, V. Garcia, J. Orengo, and M. D. Megias.2004. Influence of two plant extracts on broiler performance, digestibility,and digestive organ size. Poult. Sci. 83:169–174.Hertrampf, J. W. 2001. Alternative antibacterial performance promoters.Poult. Int. 40:50–52.Jamroz, D., J. Orda, C. Kamel, A. Wiliczkiewicz, T. Wertelecki,and J. Skorupinska. 2003. The influence of phytogenetic extractson performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass characteristics,EFFECT OF ESSENTIAL OIL ON PERFORMANCE OF BROILER BREEDERS 2373and gut microbial status in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Feed Sci.12:583–596.Jamroz, D., A. Wiliczkiewicz, T. Wertelecki, J. Orda, and J. Sukorupinska.2005. Use of active substances of plant origin in chickendiets based on maize and locally grown cereals. Br. Poult. Sci.46:485–493.Jang, I. S., Y. H. Ko, S. Y. Kang, and C. Y. Lee. 2007. Effectof a commercial essential oil on growth performance, digestiveenzyme activity and intestinal microflora population in broilerchickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 134:304–315.Kocher, A. 2005. AGP alternatives–Part IV. Poultry productionwithout AGPs–Challenges and solutions. World Poult. 21:32–33.Mitsch, P., K. Zitter-Eglseer, B. Köhler, C. Gabler, R. Rosa, and I.Zimpernik. 2004. The effect of two different blends of essential oilcomponents on the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in theintestines of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 83:669–675.Naumann, C., and R. Bassler. 1993. Chemical Analyses of Feedstuff.Method Book III. 3rd ed. VDLUFA Press, Darmstadt, Germany.NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. Natl.Acad. Press, Washington, DC.Plail, R. 2006. The innovative power of probiotics. Poult. Int.45:34–36.Schwarz, S., C. Kehrenberg, and T. R. Walsh. 2001. Use of antimicrobialagents in veterinary medicine and food animal production.Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 17:431–437.Shin, S., and S. Lim. 2004. Antifungal effects of herbal essential oilsalone and in combination with ketaconazole against Trichophytonspp. J Appl. Microbiol. 97:1289–1296.SPSS. 2006. SPSS for Windows, Version 15.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago,IL.Ultee, A., E. P. W. Kets, and E. J. Smid. 2002. Mechanisms of actionof carvacrol on the food borne pathogen Bacillus cereus.Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:4606–4610.Zaika, L. L. 1988. Spices and herbs: Their antimicrobial activity andits determinatin. J. Food Saf. 9:97–118.Zhang, K. Y., F. Yan, C. A. Keen, and P. W. Waldroup. 2005.Evaluation of microencapsulated essential oils and organic acidsin diets for broiler chickens. Int. J Poult. Sci. 4:612–619.

BROWSE_DETAIL_TAB_REFERENCESAlçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt, and M. Çabuk. 2003. The effects of anessential oil combination derived from selected herbs growingwild in Turkey on broiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci.33:89–94.Alçiçek, A., M. Bozkurt, and M. Çabuk. 2004. The effects of a mixtureof herbal essential oil, an organic acid or a probiotic onbroiler performance. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 34:217–222.Ather, M. A. M. 2000. Polyherbal additive proves effective againstvertical transmission of IBD. World Poult. 16:50–52.Bach Knudsen, K. E. 2001. Development of antibiotic resistance andoptions to replace antimicrobials in animal diets. Proc. Nutr.Soc. 60:291–299.Bang, K. H., D. W. Lee, H. M. Park, and Y. H. Rhee. 2000. Inhibitionof fungal cell wall synthesizing enzymes by trans-cinnamaldehyde.Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 64:1061–1063.Barton, M. 2000. Antibiotic use in animal feed and its impact onhuman health. Nutr. Res. Rev. 13:279–299.Basmacioğlu, H., Ö. Tokuşoğlu, and M. Ergül. 2004. The effect oforegano and rosemary essential oils or ?-tocopheryl acetate onperformance and lipid oxidation of meat enriched with n-3 PUFA’sin broilers. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 34:197–210.Bassett, R. 2000. Oregano’s positive impact on poultry production.World Poult. 16:31–34.Botsoglou, N. A., P. Florou-Paneri, E. Botsoglou, V. Datos, I. Giannenas,A. Koidis, and P. Mitrakos. 2005. The effect of feedingrosemary, oregano, saffron and ?-tocopheryl acetate on hen performanceand oxidative stability of eggs. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci.35:143–151.Bozkurt, M., K. Küçükyilmaz, A. U. Çatli, and M. Çinar. 2005.Growth performance and carcass yield of broiler chickens givenantibiotic, mannan oligosaccharide and dextran oligosaccharidesupplemented diets. Pages 68–69 in Nutritional Biotechnologyin the Feed and Food Industries. Proceedings of the 21st AnnualSymposium, Lexington, KY. (Suppl. 1). Alltech Inc., Nicholasville,KY.Çabuk, M., M. Bozkurt, A. Alçiçek, A. U. Çatli, and K. H. C. Başer.2006. The effect of a mixture of herbal essential oils, a mannanoligosaccharide or an antibiotic on performance of laying hens underhot climatic conditions. S. Afr. J. Anim. Sci. 36:135–141.Cervantes, H. 2006. Banning antibiotic growth promoters: Learningfrom the European experience. Poult. Int. 45:14–15.Ma, D, A. Shan, Z. Chen, J. Du, K. Song, J. Li, and Q. Xu. 2005.Effect of Ligustrum lucidum and Schisandra chinensis on the eggproduction, antioxidant status and immunity of laying hens duringheat stress. Arch. Anim. Nutr. 59:439–447.García, V., P. Catalá-Gregori, F. Hernández, M. D. Megías, and J.Madrid. 2007. Effect of formic acid and plant extracts on growth,nutrient digestibility, intestine mucosa morphology, and meatyield of broilers. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 16:555–562.Gill, C. 2001. Safe and sustainable feed ingredients. Feed Int.22:40–45.Hernandez, F., J. Madrid, V. Garcia, J. Orengo, and M. D. Megias.2004. Influence of two plant extracts on broiler performance, digestibility,and digestive organ size. Poult. Sci. 83:169–174.Hertrampf, J. W. 2001. Alternative antibacterial performance promoters.Poult. Int. 40:50–52.Jamroz, D., J. Orda, C. Kamel, A. Wiliczkiewicz, T. Wertelecki,and J. Skorupinska. 2003. The influence of phytogenetic extractson performance, nutrient digestibility, carcass characteristics,EFFECT OF ESSENTIAL OIL ON PERFORMANCE OF BROILER BREEDERS 2373and gut microbial status in broiler chickens. J. Anim. Feed Sci.12:583–596.Jamroz, D., A. Wiliczkiewicz, T. Wertelecki, J. Orda, and J. Sukorupinska.2005. Use of active substances of plant origin in chickendiets based on maize and locally grown cereals. Br. Poult. Sci.46:485–493.Jang, I. S., Y. H. Ko, S. Y. Kang, and C. Y. Lee. 2007. Effectof a commercial essential oil on growth performance, digestiveenzyme activity and intestinal microflora population in broilerchickens. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 134:304–315.Kocher, A. 2005. AGP alternatives–Part IV. Poultry productionwithout AGPs–Challenges and solutions. World Poult. 21:32–33.Mitsch, P., K. Zitter-Eglseer, B. Köhler, C. Gabler, R. Rosa, and I.Zimpernik. 2004. The effect of two different blends of essential oilcomponents on the proliferation of Clostridium perfringens in theintestines of broiler chickens. Poult. Sci. 83:669–675.Naumann, C., and R. Bassler. 1993. Chemical Analyses of Feedstuff.Method Book III. 3rd ed. VDLUFA Press, Darmstadt, Germany.NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th rev. ed. Natl.Acad. Press, Washington, DC.Plail, R. 2006. The innovative power of probiotics. Poult. Int.45:34–36.Schwarz, S., C. Kehrenberg, and T. R. Walsh. 2001. Use of antimicrobialagents in veterinary medicine and food animal production.Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 17:431–437.Shin, S., and S. Lim. 2004. Antifungal effects of herbal essential oilsalone and in combination with ketaconazole against Trichophytonspp. J Appl. Microbiol. 97:1289–1296.SPSS. 2006. SPSS for Windows, Version 15.0. SPSS Inc., Chicago,IL.Ultee, A., E. P. W. Kets, and E. J. Smid. 2002. Mechanisms of actionof carvacrol on the food borne pathogen Bacillus cereus.Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65:4606–4610.Zaika, L. L. 1988. Spices and herbs: Their antimicrobial activity andits determinatin. J. Food Saf. 9:97–118.Zhang, K. Y., F. Yan, C. A. Keen, and P. W. Waldroup. 2005.Evaluation of microencapsulated essential oils and organic acidsin diets for broiler chickens. Int. J Poult. Sci. 4:612–619.


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